created_at2023-03-13 19:58:22.192111
updated_at2023-10-31 04:22:03.880423
descriptionA fast and robust arbitrary rope for Rust. Based on Ropey.
ahoyiski (AhoyISki)




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AnyRope is an arbitrary data type rope for Rust, designed for similar operations that a rope would do, but targeted at data types that are not text.

Example Usage

An example of where this would be useful is in the tagging of text in a text editor, for example, one may assossiate a rope of text with a rope of tags.

// The tags that will be assossiated with a piece of text, that could be a rope.
#[derive(Clone, Copy, PartialEq, Eq)]
enum Tag {

use Tag::*;

impl any_rope::Measurable for Tag {
    type Measure = usize;

    fn measure(&self) -> Self::Measure {
        match self {
            // The zero here represents the fact that multiple tags may be placed
            // in the same character.
            PrintRed | Underline | Normal => 0,
            // Skip here is an amount of characters with no tags in them.
            Skip(amount) => *amount

// An `&str` that will be colored.
let my_str = "This word will be red!";

// Here's what this means:
// - Skip 5 characters;
// - Change the color to red;
// - Skip 4 characters;
// - Change the rendering back to normal.
let mut tags = any_rope::Rope::from_slice(&[Skip(5), PrintRed, Skip(4), Normal]);
// Do note that Tag::Skip only represents characters because we are also iterating
// over a `Chars` iterator, and have chosen to do so.

// An empty range, when used in an inclusive removal
// will remove all 0 width elements in that specific
// width. `Rope::remove_exclusive()` would keep them.
// In this case, that would be `Tag::PrintRed`
// The reason why we need to pass in a comparison
// function is because of the flexibility of the
// `Measurable::Measure` type. By passing various
// types of comparison functions, we can selectively
// choose what we are looking for. This is similar to
// what regular ropes do when searching within text,
// the end user can search by byte, char, line, etc.
tags.remove_inclusive(5..5, usize::cmp);
// In place of that `Tag::PrintRed`, we will insert `Tag::Underline`.
tags.insert(5, Underline, usize::cmp);

// The AnyRope iterator not only returns the element in question, but also the width
// where it starts.
let mut tags_iter = tags.iter().peekable();

for (cur_index, ch) in my_str.chars().enumerate() {
    // The while let loop here is a useful way to activate all tags within the same
    // character. For example, we could have a sequence of [Tag::UnderLine, Tag::PrintRed]
    // in the `Rope`, both of which have a width of 0, allowing one to execute multiple
    // `Tag`s in a single character.
    while let Some((index, tag)) = tags_iter.peek() {
        if *index == cur_index {
        } else {
    print!("{}", ch);

When Should I Use AnyRope?

So far, I haven't found a use for AnyRope, other than text editors, but I'm not discounting the possibility that it may be useful somewhere else.


Concept of widths

The width of the element that implements Measurable can be whatever the end user wants it to be, allowing for great flexibility in how AnyRope could be useful.

Rope slices

AnyRope has rope slices that allow you to work with just parts of a rope, using all the read-only operations of a full rope including iterators and making sub-slices.

Flexible APIs with low-level access

Although AnyRope is intentionally limited in scope, it also provides APIs for efficiently accessing and working with its internal slice chunk representation, allowing additional functionality to be efficiently implemented by client code with minimal overhead.

Thread safe

AnyRope ensures that even though clones share memory, everything is thread-safe. Clones can be sent to other threads for both reading and writing.

Unsafe code

AnyRope uses unsafe code to help achieve some of its space and performance characteristics. Although effort has been put into keeping the unsafe code compartmentalized and making it correct, please be cautious about using AnyRope in software that may face adversarial conditions.


AnyRope is licensed under the MIT license ( or


Contributions are absolutely welcome! However, please open an issue or email me to discuss larger changes, to avoid doing a lot of work that may get rejected.

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in AnyRope by you will be licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Commit count: 615

cargo fmt