created_at2022-03-23 23:02:06.4175
updated_at2024-05-10 03:37:05.996604
descriptionRust SDK for C2PA (Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity) implementors
Andy S. Parsons (andyparsons)




C2PA Rust library

CI Latest Version docs.rs codecov

The Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA) addresses the prevalence of misleading information online through the development of technical standards for certifying the source and history (or provenance) of media content. Adobe and other contributors created the C2PA Rust library as part of the Content Authenticity Initiative and released it to open source in June, 2022.

Key features

The C2PA Rust library (previously referred to as the "Rust SDK") implements a subset of the C2PA technical specification.

The library enables a desktop, mobile, or embedded application to:

  • Create and sign C2PA claims and manifests.
  • Embed manifests in certain file formats.
  • Parse and validate manifests found in certain file formats.

The library supports several common C2PA assertions and hard bindings.

State of the project

This is a beta release (version 0.x.x) of the project. The minor version number (0.x.0) is incremented when there are breaking API changes, which may happen frequently.

Contributions and feedback

We welcome contributions to this project. For information on contributing, providing feedback, and about ongoing work, see Contributing.


The library requires Rust version 1.73.0 or newer.

Supported platforms

The library has been tested on the following operating systems:

  • Windows (Intel only)
  • MacOS (Intel and Apple silicon)
  • Ubuntu Linux (64-bit Intel and ARM v8)
  • WebAssembly (Wasm)

Supported file formats

Extensions MIME type
avi video/msvideo, video/avi, application-msvideo
avif image/avif
c2pa application/x-c2pa-manifest-store
dng image/x-adobe-dng
heic image/heic
heif image/heif
jpg, jpeg image/jpeg
m4a audio/mp4
mp4 video/mp4, application/mp4
mov video/quicktime
png image/png
svg image/svg+xml
tif,tiff image/tiff
wav audio/wav
webp image/webp


Add this to your Cargo.toml:

c2pa = "0.32.1"

If you want to read or write a manifest file, add the file_io dependency to your Cargo.toml. The add_thumbnails feature will generate thumbnails for JPEG and PNG files. For example:

c2pa = { version = "0.25.0", features = ["file_io", "add_thumbnails"] }

NOTE: If you are building for WASM, omit the file_io dependency.

Crate features

The Rust library crate provides:

  • file_io enables manifest generation, signing via OpenSSL, and embedding manifests in various file formats.

  • add_thumbnails will generate thumbnails automatically for JPEG and PNG files. (no longer included with file_io)

  • serialize_thumbnails includes binary thumbnail data in the Serde serialization output.

  • xmp_write enables updating XMP on embed with the dcterms:provenance field. (Requires xmp_toolkit.)

  • no_interleaved_io forces fully-synchronous I/O; otherwise, the library uses threaded I/O for some operations to improve performance.

  • fetch_remote_manifests enables the verification step to retrieve externally referenced manifest stores. External manifests are only fetched if there is no embedded manifest store and no locally adjacent .c2pa manifest store file of the same name.

  • json_schema is used by make schema to produce a JSON schema document that represents the ManifestStore data structures.

  • psxxx_ocsp_stapling_experimental this is an demonstration feature that will attempt to fetch the OCSP data from the OCSP responders listed in the manifest signing certificate. The response becomes part of the manifest and is used to prove the certificate was not revoked at the time of signing. This is only implemented for PS256, PS384 and PS512 signatures and is intended as a demonstration.

Example code

The sdk/examples directory contains some minimal example code. The client/client.rs is the most instructive and provides and example of reading the contents of a manifest store, recursively displaying nested manifests.


The c2pa crate is distributed under the terms of both the MIT license and the Apache License (Version 2.0).

Some components and dependent crates are licensed under different terms; please check the license terms for each crate and component for details.

Nightly builds

In most cases, you should depend on this crate as published via crates.io.

The Adobe team produces nightly snapshots of this crate via a nightly branch, which we use for testing the impact of pending changes to upstream dependencies.

You may wish to use these builds for your own testing ahead of our releases, you may include the library via the following Cargo.toml entry:

c2pa = { git = "https://github.com/contentauth/c2pa-rs.git", branch = "nightly", features = [...]}

Commits in this branch have a modified sdk/Cargo.toml entry which includes a version number similar to the following:

version = "0.25.3-nightly+2023-08-28-2f33ab3"

Please note that there is no formal support for code from a nightly release, but if you become aware of any issues, we would appreciate a bug report including this version number.


Refer to the CHANGELOG for detailed changes derived from Git commit history.

Commit count: 390

cargo fmt