created_at2017-06-02 08:42:47.793707
updated_at2018-09-25 14:32:24.661293
descriptionDynamic evaluation of mathematical expressions
Guillaume Fraux (Luthaf)



Caldyn, dynamic evaluation of mathematical expressions

Build Status codecov

This crate provide run-time evaluation of mathematical expressions, embedded in strings, containing constants and user-provided variables. This can be used to evaluate user-provided expressions in a larger context.



Add the crate to your Cargo.toml:

caldyn = "0.4"

The easiest way to use this crate is with the eval function:

assert_eq!(caldyn::eval("3 + 5 * 2", None), Ok(13.0));

The second argument to eval is a Context, that can define variables:

use caldyn::Context;

let mut context = Context::new();
context.set("a", 3.5);
assert_eq!(caldyn::eval("2 * a", &context), Ok(7.0));

It is also possible to separate the parsing from the evaluation of an expression with the Expr type. This allow to reuse the same expression with different values for variables.

use caldyn::{Expr, Context};

let expr = Expr::parse("3 + 5 * 2").unwrap();
assert_eq!(expr.eval(None), Ok(13.0));

let expr = Expr::parse("3 / c + b").unwrap();
let mut context = Context::new();
context.set("c", 1.0);
context.set("b", 5.0);
assert_eq!(expr.eval(&context), Ok(8.0));

context.set("b", 10.0);
assert_eq!(expr.eval(&context), Ok(13.0));

It is also possible to set a callback function to be used when a variable is not found in the context:

use caldyn::{eval, Context};

let mut context = Context::new();
context.set_query(|name| {
    match name {
        "a" | "b" | "c" => Some(1.0),
        _ => None

assert_eq!(eval("a + b", &context), Ok(2.0));
// the following line would error with "undefined variable 'd'" message
// eval("d / 2", &context);

Usage as a terminal calculator

You can use the calc example as your terminal calculator, installing it with cargo:

cargo install caldyn --example calc

Language definition

The language implemented by caldyn can contain the following elements:

  • float literal values: -12.456, +0.0045e78, ...;
  • left and right parenthesis;
  • mathematical operators: + for addition, - for subtraction, * for multiplication, / for division and ^ for exponentiation (std::f64::powf);
  • variables. Variables names are ASCII only, and can start by a letter or _, and can contain letters, digits, ., _, [ or ].
  • function call: sin(a), atan(22.0). The following function are accessible, with the same meaning as the corresponding std::f64 function: sqrt, cbrt, sin, cos, tan, asin, acos, atan, sinh, cosh, tanh, asinh, acosh, atanh, floor, ceil, abs, exp, ln, log2, log10.

Any other symbol is forbidden in the input.

The mathematical operators obey the usual relations of associativity and precedence, but still carry the floating point properties: addition is not commutative, NaN and infinities exist, ...

Please note that while [ and ] are allowed in variables names, nothing is done with them. Users of caldyn can parse and interpret these as indexing operators in their own [Context::set_query()] function.

License and contributions

Caldyn is written by Guillaume Fraux and distributed under either the MIT or the Apache license, at your choice. Contributions are welcome, please open an issue before to discuss your changes !

Commit count: 34

cargo fmt