created_at2021-06-30 14:06:38.576333
updated_at2024-04-24 22:05:30.24723
descriptionErgonomic wrapper for DuckDB
Mark (Mytherin)




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duckdb-rs is an ergonomic wrapper for using duckdb from Rust. It attempts to expose an interface similar to rusqlite. Actually the initial code and even this README is forked from rusqlite as duckdb also tries to expose a sqlite3 compatible API.

use duckdb::{params, Connection, Result};

// In your project, we need to keep the arrow version same as the version used in duckdb.
// Refer to
// You can either:
use duckdb::arrow::record_batch::RecordBatch;
// Or in your Cargo.toml, use * as the version; features can be toggled according to your needs
// arrow = { version = "*", default-features = false, features = ["prettyprint"] }
// Then you can:
// use arrow::record_batch::RecordBatch;

use duckdb::arrow::util::pretty::print_batches;

struct Person {
    id: i32,
    name: String,
    data: Option<Vec<u8>>,

fn main() -> Result<()> {
    let conn = Connection::open_in_memory()?;

        r"CREATE SEQUENCE seq;
          CREATE TABLE person (
                  id              INTEGER PRIMARY KEY DEFAULT NEXTVAL('seq'),
                  name            TEXT NOT NULL,
                  data            BLOB

    let me = Person {
        id: 0,
        name: "Steven".to_string(),
        data: None,
        "INSERT INTO person (name, data) VALUES (?, ?)",

    // query table by rows
    let mut stmt = conn.prepare("SELECT id, name, data FROM person")?;
    let person_iter = stmt.query_map([], |row| {
        Ok(Person {
            id: row.get(0)?,
            name: row.get(1)?,
            data: row.get(2)?,

    for person in person_iter {
        let p = person.unwrap();
        println!("ID: {}",;
        println!("Found person {:?}", p);

    // query table by arrow
    let rbs: Vec<RecordBatch> = stmt.query_arrow([])?.collect();

Notes on building duckdb and libduckdb-sys

libduckdb-sys is a separate crate from duckdb-rs that provides the Rust declarations for DuckDB's C API. By default, libduckdb-sys attempts to find a DuckDB library that already exists on your system using pkg-config, or a Vcpkg installation for MSVC ABI builds.

You can adjust this behavior in a number of ways:

  • If you use the bundled feature, libduckdb-sys will use the cc crate to compile DuckDB from source and link against that. This source is embedded in the libduckdb-sys crate and as we are still in development, we will update it regularly. After we are more stable, we will use the stable released version from duckdb. This is probably the simplest solution to any build problems. You can enable this by adding the following in your Cargo.toml file:

    # Assume that version DuckDB version 0.9.2 is used.
    duckdb = { version = "0.9.2", features = ["bundled"] }
  • When linking against a DuckDB library already on the system (so not using any of the bundled features), you can set the DUCKDB_LIB_DIR environment variable to point to a directory containing the library. You can also set the DUCKDB_INCLUDE_DIR variable to point to the directory containing duckdb.h.

  • Installing the duckdb development packages will usually be all that is required, but the build helpers for pkg-config and vcpkg have some additional configuration options. The default when using vcpkg is to dynamically link, which must be enabled by setting VCPKGRS_DYNAMIC=1 environment variable before build.

Binding generation

We use bindgen to generate the Rust declarations from DuckDB's C header file. bindgen recommends running this as part of the build process of libraries that used this. We tried this briefly (duckdb 0.10.0, specifically), but it had some annoyances:

  • The build time for libduckdb-sys (and therefore duckdb) increased dramatically.
  • Running bindgen requires a relatively-recent version of Clang, which many systems do not have installed by default.
  • Running bindgen also requires the DuckDB header file to be present.

So we try to avoid running bindgen at build-time by shipping pregenerated bindings for DuckDB.

If you use the bundled features, you will get pregenerated bindings for the bundled version of DuckDB. If you want to run bindgen at buildtime to produce your own bindings, use the buildtime_bindgen Cargo feature.


See to


  • Run cargo +nightly fmt to ensure your Rust code is correctly formatted.
  • Run cargo clippy --fix --allow-dirty --all-targets --workspace --all-features -- -D warnings to fix all clippy issues.
  • Ensure cargo test --all-targets --workspace --features "modern-full extensions-full" reports no failures.


  • Refactor the ErrorCode part, it's borrowed from rusqlite, we should have our own
  • Support more type
  • Update duckdb.h
  • Adjust the code examples and documentation
  • Delete unused code / functions
  • Add CI
  • Publish to crate


DuckDB and libduckdb-sys are available under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

Commit count: 220

cargo fmt