created_at2019-12-04 13:41:54.774013
updated_at2019-12-21 16:37:39.22465
descriptionA driver for hub75 rgb matrix displays




Example image

Library for controlling the cheap RGB matrix displays with the interface colloquially known as hub75 with embedded-graphics & embedded-hal impls in rust.

Currently only supports panels with a resolution of 64x32 (tested on panel "P3-(2121)64*32-16S-D10").

See rpi-rgb-led-matrix for hookup instructions.


Hub 75 interface

Problem Solving

  • It flickers

    Reduce the bits for the color output, call the output method more often or use a faster micro

  • Some colors aren't displayed correctly/not at all

    If one of the rgb components after gamma correction has less than the provided bits, it isn't shown at all. For example, when using 3 color bits, having a value less than 124 leads to nothing being shown (as it's then gamma corrected to 31, which is less than 1<<5).

Improving perforance

There are many ways to further improve performance, even being able to achieve 8 bit color depth, unfortunately it doesn't seem possible with the current embedded-hal abstractions:

  • Use binary code modulation and adjust oe time with a one-shot timer

    See LED dimming using Binary Code Modulation for further explanations on how binary code modulation works.

  • Prerender the data, so shifting the data out is faster

    The idea is that the gpio state is precomputed and then just copied to the gpio output register. To do this, r1, r2, g1, g2, b1, b2 all need to be connected to the same port. Combined with binary code modulation, this will take more ram, but be much faster. The output loop can then be replaced with the dma, which will lead to greatly reduced cpu usage and very high refresh rates.


Licensed under either of

at your option.


Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Commit count: 19

cargo fmt