created_at2023-03-27 14:26:29.42398
updated_at2023-12-12 22:26:26.664049
descriptionAbstraction layer over various key-value store backends
Ximon Eighteen (ximon18)



Key-value store X

Abstraction layer over various key-value store backends in Rust. Tailored to fit the use-cases for Krill.

Switching between backends should be as simple as changing a configuration value.

For now an in-memory, filesystem and Postgres implementation are provided by default.


Create an instance of a KVX store and specify the storage backend using an URL. For example:

let namespace = Namespace::parse("some-namespace")?;

// in memory backend
let store = KeyValueStore::new(&Url::parse("memory://")?, namespace)?;

// use a file backend
let store = KeyValueStore::new(&Url::parse("local://tmp")?, namespace)?;

// use a postgres backend
let store = KeyValueStore::new(&Url::parse("postgres://user:password@host/database-name")?, namespace)?;

A store can be scoped using a namespace. A namespaces can be further divided up in (possibly nested) scopes.

Note that keys, scopes and namespaces have the Segment type, this is necessary to encode namespaces, scopes and keys to the filesystem.

The store supports basic key-value operations:

fn is_empty(&self) -> Result<bool>;
fn has(&self, key: &Key) -> Result<bool>;
fn has_scope(&self, scope: &Scope) -> Result<bool>;
fn get(&self, key: &Key) -> Result<Option<Value>>;
fn list_keys(&self, scope: &Scope) -> Result<Vec<Key>>;
fn list_scopes(&self) -> Result<Vec<Scope>>;

fn store(&self, key: &Key, value: Value) -> Result<()>;
fn move_value(&self, from: &Key, to: &Key) -> Result<()>;
fn move_scope(&self, from: &Scope, to: &Scope) -> Result<()>;
fn delete(&self, key: &Key) -> Result<()>;
fn delete_scope(&self, scope: &Scope) -> Result<()>;

fn clear(&self) -> Result<()>;

/// Migrate the namespace (and all key value pairs) for this store.
fn migrate_namespace(&mut self, to: NamespaceBuf) -> Result<()>;

Transactions can be used to atomically perform a sequence of operations:

store.transaction(scope, &mut move |t: &dyn KeyValueStoreBackend| { 
    let key = "counter".parse()?;
    let value = t.get(&key)?;
    let new_value = value.as_i64().unwrap_or_default() + 1;
    t.store(&key, Value::from(new_value))?;

If a value (or a Result for that matter) needs to be returned from within a transaction, then the execute function can be used. The value can be a result type in case non kvx errors need to be returned.

Example code where self has a KeyValueStore and wants to return all keys in the global scope, but also verify that some reserved key is not used.

The main takeaway being that the closure that is passed in to execute can return something like Result<Result<T, E>, kvx::Error>.

pub fn list_verified_keys(&self) -> Result<Vec<Keys>, MyError> {
        self.store.execute(&Scope::global(), |kv| {
            let keys = kv.list_keys(&Scope::global())?;
            let forbidden_key = Key::new_global(segment!("reserved"));
            if keys.contains(&forbidden_key) {
            } else {

A queue mechanism enables creating and handling tasks. A job can be scheduled at a certain time.


use kvx::queue;

fn queue(store: &KeyValueStore) -> Result<(), kvx::Error> {
    let name = "job";
    let segment = Segment::parse(name).unwrap();
    let value = Value::from("value");

    // schedule a task

    // claim a pending task
    let task_opt = queue.claim_scheduled_pending_task()?;

    if let Some(task) = task_opt {
        // do stuff...

        // then finish the task



Version 0.9.3

There was an issue where stale lock files may not be cleaned up, e.g. if the application using this library is terminated by the OOM-killer, or the server is shut down. To avoid this issue we now rely on the 'fd-lock' crate, which in turn uses 'flock' that relies on OS level support to ensure that the caller has unique access to the file handle for a lock file.

See: https://github.com/NLnetLabs/kvx/pull/62

Version 0.9.2

  • Always use a tempfile for new values on disk #60

Version 0.9.1

  • Keep lock files outside of scope dirs #58

Version 0.9.0


  • Schedule tasks without finishing existing #56

This is a breaking change because the timestamp used for tasks now uses milliseconds instead of seconds.

Version 0.8.0

This release introduces a number of breaking changes. In particular, we now use a dedicated type for Namespace and no longer prepend a namespace Segment to keys. And the Queue implementation has been overhauled.

  • Add KeyValueStore::execute #38
  • Use pretty printed JSON for values on disk #39
  • Use Namespace type and support Namespace migrations #45
  • Write tempfile and rename when using disk storage #46, #51
  • Use a transactional queue #48, #50, #54

Version 0.7.0

No functional changes were made, but the following updates were done for the published crate on crates.io:

  • Fix the reported license, it's BSD-3
  • Update the GitHub repository link to the current location
  • Update Readme files for better readability on crates.io

Version 0.6.0

Breaking changes:

  • Implicit .json extension for keys on disk were removed (see PR #32)
Commit count: 74

cargo fmt