created_at2023-02-06 08:00:38.18593
updated_at2024-05-22 21:01:20.724516
descriptionA library mapping complex data structures onto a key-value store, used by the Linera protocol
Andreas Fackler (afck)



This module is used in the Linera protocol to map complex data structures onto a key-value store. The central notion is a views::View which can be loaded from storage, modified in memory, then committed (i.e. the changes are atomically persisted in storage).

The package provides essentially two functionalities:

  • An abstraction to access databases.
  • Several containers named views for storing data modeled on classical ones.

See for more details.

The supported databases.

The databases supported are of the NoSQL variety and they are key-value stores.

We provide support for the following databases:

  • MemoryStore is using the memory
  • RocksDbStore is a disk-based key-value store
  • DynamoDbStore is the AWS-based DynamoDB service.
  • ScyllaDbStore is a cloud based Cassandra compatible database.

The corresponding type in the code is the KeyValueStore. A context is the combination of a client and a path (named base_key which is of type Vec<u8>).


A view is a container whose data lies in one of the above-mentioned databases. When the container is modified the modification lies first in the view before being committed to the database. In technical terms, a view implements the trait View.

The specific functionalities of the trait View are the following:

  • load for loading the view from a specific context.
  • rollback for canceling all modifications that were not committed thus far.
  • clear for clearing the view, in other words for reverting it to its default state.
  • flush for persisting the changes to storage.
  • delete for deleting the changes from the database.

The following views implement the View trait:

  • RegisterView implements the storing of a single data.
  • LogView implements a log, which is a list of entries that can be expanded.
  • QueueView implements a queue, which is a list of entries that can be expanded and reduced.
  • MapView implements a map with keys and values.
  • SetView implements a set with keys.
  • CollectionView implements a map whose values are views themselves.
  • ReentrantCollectionView implements a map for which different keys can be accessed independently.
  • ViewContainer<C> implements a KeyValueStore and is used internally.

The LogView can be seen as an analog of VecDeque while MapView is an analog of BTreeMap.


See the CONTRIBUTING file for how to help out.


This project is available under the terms of the Apache 2.0 license.

Commit count: 3163

cargo fmt