created_at2020-09-20 00:54:06.963212
updated_at2024-01-21 19:09:10.424949
descriptionEasy, safe self-referential struct generation.





Ouroboros on Crates.IO Documentation

Easy self-referential struct generation for Rust. Dual licensed under MIT / Apache 2.0.

While this crate is no_std compatible, it still requires the alloc crate.

Version notes:

  • Version 0.18.0 now correctly refuses to compile unsound usages of with_mut, but requires Rust 1.63 or later.
  • Version 0.17.0 reintroduces type parameter support, but requires at least version 1.60 of the Rust toolchain.
  • Version 0.16.0 fixes a potential soundness issue but removes template parameter support.
  • Version 0.13.0 and later contain checks for additional situations which cause undefined behavior if not caught.
  • Version 0.11.0 and later place restrictions on derive macros, earlier versions allowed using them in ways which could lead to undefined behavior if not used properly.
  • Version 0.10.0 and later automatically box every field. This is done to prevent undefined behavior, but has the side effect of making the library easier to work with.

Tests are located in the examples/ folder because they need to be in a crate outside of ouroboros for the self_referencing macro to work properly.

use ouroboros::self_referencing;

struct MyStruct {
    int_data: i32,
    float_data: f32,
    // the 'this lifetime is created by the #[self_referencing] macro
    // and should be used on all references marked by the #[borrows] macro
    int_reference: &'this i32,
    #[borrows(mut float_data)]
    float_reference: &'this mut f32,

fn main() {
    // The builder is created by the #[self_referencing] macro 
    // and is used to create the struct
    let mut my_value = MyStructBuilder {
        int_data: 42,
        float_data: 3.14,

        // Note that the name of the field in the builder 
        // is the name of the field in the struct + `_builder` 
        // ie: {field_name}_builder
        // the closure that assigns the value for the field will be passed 
        // a reference to the field(s) defined in the #[borrows] macro
        int_reference_builder: |int_data: &i32| int_data,
        float_reference_builder: |float_data: &mut f32| float_data,

    // The fields in the original struct can not be accessed directly
    // The builder creates accessor methods which are called borrow_{field_name}()

    // Prints 42
    println!("{:?}", my_value.borrow_int_data());
    // Prints 3.14
    println!("{:?}", my_value.borrow_float_reference());
    // Sets the value of float_data to 84.0
    my_value.with_mut(|fields| {
        **fields.float_reference = (**fields.int_reference as f32) * 2.0;

    // We can hold on to this reference...
    let int_ref = *my_value.borrow_int_reference();
    println!("{:?}", *int_ref);
    // As long as the struct is still alive.
    // This will cause an error!
    // println!("{:?}", *int_ref);
Commit count: 0

cargo fmt