created_at2021-05-03 04:01:32.739649
updated_at2024-01-10 06:39:09.177539
descriptionPostgreSQL parser that uses the actual PostgreSQL server source to parse SQL queries and return the internal PostgreSQL parse tree.


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This Rust library uses the actual PostgreSQL server source to parse SQL queries and return the internal PostgreSQL parse tree.

It also allows you to normalize queries (replacing constant values with $1, etc.) and parse these normalized queries into a parse tree again.

When you build this library, it builds parts of the PostgreSQL server source (see libpg_query), and then statically links it into this library.

You can find further examples and a longer rationale for the original Ruby implementation here. The Rust version tries to have a very similar API.

Getting started

Add the following to your Cargo.toml

pg_query = "5.0"


Parsing a query

use pg_query::NodeRef;

let result = pg_query::parse("SELECT * FROM contacts");
let result = result.unwrap();
assert_eq!(result.tables(), vec!["contacts"]);
assert!(matches!(result.protobuf.nodes()[0].0, NodeRef::SelectStmt(_)));

Normalizing a query

let result = pg_query::normalize("SELECT 1 FROM x WHERE y = (SELECT 123 FROM a WHERE z = 'bla')").unwrap();
assert_eq!(result, "SELECT $1 FROM x WHERE y = (SELECT $2 FROM a WHERE z = $3)");

Fingerprinting a query

let result = pg_query::fingerprint("SELECT * FROM contacts.person WHERE id IN (1, 2, 3, 4);").unwrap();
assert_eq!(result.hex, "643d2a3c294ab8a7");

Truncating a query

let query = "INSERT INTO \"x\" (a, b, c, d, e, f) VALUES (?)";
let result = pg_query::parse(query).unwrap();
assert_eq!(result.truncate(32).unwrap(), "INSERT INTO x (...) VALUES (...)");


Thanks to Paul Mason for his work on pg_parse that this crate is based on.

After version 0.6.0, Paul donated the pg_query crate to the pganalyze team. pg_parse is a lighter alternative that focuses on query parsing, while pg_query aims for feature parity with the Ruby gem.


PostgreSQL server source code, used under the PostgreSQL license.
Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2023, The PostgreSQL Global Development Group
Portions Copyright (c) 1994, The Regents of the University of California

All other parts are licensed under the MIT license, see LICENSE file for details.
Copyright (c) 2021 Paul Mason Copyright (c) 2021-2023, Duboce Labs, Inc. (pganalyze)

Commit count: 71

cargo fmt