created_at2023-02-15 00:34:25.291103
updated_at2023-11-15 14:34:11.205359
descriptionA cross-platform detour library written in Rust
Mason Ginter (Hpmason)



retour (a detour Fork) Lcense Cargo Check/Tests

(Fork of original detour-rs that works on nightly after nightly-2022-11-07)

This is a cross-platform detour library developed in Rust. Beyond the basic functionality, this library handles branch redirects, RIP-relative instructions, hot-patching, NOP-padded functions, and allows the original function to be called using a trampoline whilst hooked.

This is one of few cross-platform detour libraries that exists, and to maintain this feature, not all desired functionality can be supported due to lack of cross-platform APIs. Therefore EIP relocation is not supported.

NOTE: Nightly is currently required for static_detour! and is enabled with the static-detour feature flag.


This library provides CI for these targets:

  • Linux
    • i686-unknown-linux-gnu
    • x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
    • x86_64-unknown-linux-musl
  • Windows
    • i686-pc-windows-gnu
    • i686-pc-windows-msvc
    • x86_64-pc-windows-gnu
    • x86_64-pc-windows-msvc
  • macOS
    • i686-apple-darwin
    • x86_64-apple-darwin


Add this to your Cargo.toml:

# `static-detour` feature requires nightly
retour = { version = "0.3", features = ["static-detour"] }

Supported Versions

This crate, with default features, will support the MSRV in Cargo.toml (currently 1.60.0). Certain features may require newer versions of the compiler, which will be documented here and in the docs. Any features that require the nightly compiler will always target the newest version.

Feature versions:

  • static-detour: nightly
  • thiscall-abi: 1.73.0 or newer


  • A static detour (one of three different detours):
use std::error::Error;
use retour::static_detour;

static_detour! {
  static Test: /* extern "X" */ fn(i32) -> i32;

fn add5(val: i32) -> i32 {
  val + 5

fn add10(val: i32) -> i32 {
  val + 10

fn main() -> Result<(), Box<dyn Error>> {
  // Reroute the 'add5' function to 'add10' (can also be a closure)
  unsafe { Test.initialize(add5, add10)? };

  assert_eq!(add5(1), 6);
  assert_eq!(, 6);

  // Hooks must be enabled to take effect
  unsafe { Test.enable()? };

  // The original function is detoured to 'add10'
  assert_eq!(add5(1), 11);

  // The original function can still be invoked using 'call'
  assert_eq!(, 6);

  // It is also possible to change the detour whilst hooked
  Test.set_detour(|val| val - 5);
  assert_eq!(add5(5), 0);

  unsafe { Test.disable()? };

  assert_eq!(add5(1), 6);
  • A Windows API hooking example is available here; build it by running:
$ cargo +nightly build --features="static-detour" --example messageboxw_detour
  • A non-nightly example using GenericDetour can be found here; build it by running:
$ cargo build --example kernel32_detour


This is fork of the original detour-rs creator darfink that put so much work into the original crate.

Part of the library's external user interface was inspired by minhook-rs, created by Jascha-N, and it contains derivative code of his work.

Injection Methods

This crate provides the ability to hook functions in other applications, but does not provide the utilities necessary for injecting/attaching to another process. If you're looking for ways to inject your hooking library here are some approaches you can look into:

  • dll injection libraries such as dll-syringe
  • LD_PRELOAD on *nix platforms
  • Various debuggers, including x64dbg and Cheat Engine


  • EIP relocation

    Should be performed whenever a function's prolog instructions are being executed, simultaneously as the function itself is being detoured. This is done by halting all affected threads, copying the affected instructions and appending a JMP to return to the function. This is barely ever an issue, and never in single-threaded environments, but YMMV.

  • NOP-padding

    int function() { return 0; }
    // xor eax, eax
    // ret
    // nop
    // nop
    // ...

    Functions such as this one, lacking a hot-patching area, and too small to be hooked with a 5-byte jmp, are supported thanks to the detection of code padding (NOP/INT3 instructions). Therefore the required amount of trailing NOP instructions will be replaced, to make room for the detour.

Commit count: 166

cargo fmt