serialport

Crates.ioserialport
lib.rsserialport
version4.3.0
sourcesrc
created_at2016-12-23 04:33:15.68406
updated_at2023-12-12 11:59:52.630716
descriptionA cross-platform low-level serial port library.
homepage
repositoryhttps://github.com/serialport/serialport-rs
max_upload_size
id7733
size244,474
Christian Meusel (sirhcel)

documentation

https://docs.rs/serialport

README

crates.io version badge Documentation GitHub workflow status Minimum Stable Rust Version

Introduction

serialport-rs is a general-purpose cross-platform serial port library for Rust. It provides a blocking I/O interface and port enumeration on POSIX and Windows systems.

For async I/O functionality, see the mio-serial and tokio-serial crates.

Join the discussion on Matrix! #serialport-rs:matrix.org

This project is looking for maintainers! Especially for Windows. If you are interested please let us know on Matrix, or by creating a discussion.

Overview

The library exposes cross-platform serial port functionality through the SerialPort trait. This library is structured to make this the simplest API to use to encourage cross-platform development by default. Working with the resultant Box<dyn SerialPort> type is therefore recommended. To expose additional platform-specific functionality use the platform-specific structs directly: TTYPort for POSIX systems and COMPort for Windows.

Serial enumeration is provided on most platforms. The implementation on Linux using glibc relies on libudev, an external dynamic library that will need to be available on the system the final binary is running on. Enumeration will still be available if this feature is disabled, but won't expose as much information and may return ports that don't exist physically. However this dependency can be removed by disabling the default libudev feature:

$ cargo build --no-default-features

It should also be noted that on macOS, both the Callout (/dev/cu.*) and Dial-in ports (/dev/tty.*) ports are enumerated, resulting in two available ports per connected serial device.

Usage

Listing available ports:

let ports = serialport::available_ports().expect("No ports found!");
for p in ports {
    println!("{}", p.port_name);
}

Opening and configuring a port:

let port = serialport::new("/dev/ttyUSB0", 115_200)
    .timeout(Duration::from_millis(10))
    .open().expect("Failed to open port");

Writing to a port:

let output = "This is a test. This is only a test.".as_bytes();
port.write(output).expect("Write failed!");

Reading from a port (default is blocking with a 0ms timeout):

let mut serial_buf: Vec<u8> = vec![0; 32];
port.read(serial_buf.as_mut_slice()).expect("Found no data!");

Some platforms expose additional functionality, which is opened using the open_native() method:

let port = serialport::new("/dev/ttyUSB0", 115_200)
    .open_native().expect("Failed to open port");

Closing a port:

serialport-rs uses the Resource Acquisition Is Initialization (RAII) paradigm and so closing a port is done when the SerialPort object is Droped either implicitly or explicitly using std::mem::drop (std::mem::drop(port)).

Examples

There are several included examples, which help demonstrate the functionality of this library and can help debug software or hardware errors.

  • clear_input_buffer - Demonstrates querying and clearing the driver input buffer.
  • clear_output_buffer - Demonstrates querying and clearing the driver output buffer.
  • duplex - Tests that a port can be successfully cloned.
  • hardware_check - Checks port/driver functionality for a single port or a pair of ports connected to each other.
  • list_ports - Lists available serial ports.
  • pseudo_terminal - Unix only. Tests that a pseudo-terminal pair can be created.
  • receive_data - Output data received on a port.
  • transmit - Transmits data regularly on a port with various port configurations. Useful for debugging.

Dependencies

Rust versions 1.59.0 and higher are supported by the library itself. There are examples requiring newer versions of Rust.

For GNU/Linux pkg-config headers are required:

  • Ubuntu: sudo apt install pkg-config
  • Fedora: sudo dnf install pkgconf-pkg-config

For other distros they may provide pkg-config through the pkgconf package instead.

For GNU/Linux libudev headers are required as well (unless you disable the default libudev feature):

  • Ubuntu: sudo apt install libudev-dev
  • Fedora: sudo dnf install systemd-devel

Platform Support

Builds and tests for all supported targets are run in CI. Failures of either block the inclusion of new code. This library should be compatible with additional targets not listed below, but no guarantees are made. Additional platforms may be added in the future if there is a need and/or demand.

  • Android
    • arm-linux-androideabi (no serial enumeration)
    • armv7-linux-androideabi (no serial enumeration)
  • FreeBSD
    • x86_64-unknown-freebsd
  • Linux
    • aarch64-unknown-linux-gnu
    • aarch64-unknown-linux-musl
    • i686-unknown-linux-gnu
    • i686-unknown-linux-musl
    • x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
    • x86_64-unknown-linux-musl
  • macOS/iOS
    • aarch64-apple-darwin
    • aarch64-apple-ios
    • x86_64-apple-darwin
  • NetBSD
    • x86_64-unknown-netbsd (no serial enumeration)
  • Windows
    • i686-pc-windows-gnu
    • i686-pc-windows-msvc
    • x86_64-pc-windows-gnu
    • x86_64-pc-windows-msvc

Hardware Support

This library has been developed to support all serial port devices across all supported platforms. To determine how well your platform is supported, please run the hardware_check example provided with this library. It will test the driver to confirm that all possible settings are supported for a port. Additionally, it will test that data transmission is correct for those settings if you have two ports physically configured to communicate. If you experience problems with your devices, please file a bug and identify the hardware, OS, and driver in use.

Known issues:

Hardware OS Driver Issues
FTDI TTL-232R Linux ftdi_sio, Linux 4.14.11 Hardware doesn't support 5 or 6 data bits, but the driver lies about supporting 5.

Licensing

Licensed under the Mozilla Public License, version 2.0.

Contributing

Please open an issue or pull request on GitHub to contribute. Code contributions submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the MPL2.0 license, shall be licensed as the above without any additional terms or conditions.

Acknowledgments

This is the continuation of the development at https://gitlab.com/susurrus/serialport-rs. Thanks to susurrus and all other contributors to the original project on GitLab.

Special thanks to dcuddeback, willem66745, and apoloval who wrote the original serial-rs library which this library heavily borrows from.

Commit count: 674

cargo fmt