spider

Crates.iospider
lib.rsspider
version1.97.8
sourcesrc
created_at2018-02-05 12:33:26.444917
updated_at2024-06-04 23:26:06.988303
descriptionThe fastest web crawler written in Rust.
homepage
repositoryhttps://github.com/spider-rs/spider
max_upload_size
id49703
size560,416
Jeff Mendez (j-mendez)

documentation

https://docs.rs/spider

README

Spider

crate version

Multithreaded async crawler/indexer using isolates and IPC channels for communication with the ability to run decentralized.

Dependencies

On Linux

  • OpenSSL 1.0.1, 1.0.2, 1.1.0, or 1.1.1

Example

This is a basic async example crawling a web page, add spider to your Cargo.toml:

[dependencies]
spider = "1.97.8"

And then the code:

extern crate spider;

use spider::website::Website;
use spider::tokio;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let url = "https://choosealicense.com";
    let mut website = Website::new(&url);
    website.crawl().await;

    for link in website.get_links() {
        println!("- {:?}", link.as_ref());
    }
}

You can use Configuration object to configure your crawler:

// ..
let mut website = Website::new("https://choosealicense.com");

website.configuration.respect_robots_txt = true;
website.configuration.subdomains = true;
website.configuration.tld = false;
website.configuration.delay = 0; // Defaults to 0 ms due to concurrency handling
website.configuration.request_timeout = None; // Defaults to 15000 ms
website.configuration.http2_prior_knowledge = false; // Enable if you know the webserver supports http2
website.configuration.user_agent = Some("myapp/version".into()); // Defaults to using a random agent
website.on_link_find_callback = Some(|s, html| { println!("link target: {}", s); (s, html)}); // Callback to run on each link find - useful for mutating the url, ex: convert the top level domain from `.fr` to `.es`.
website.configuration.blacklist_url.get_or_insert(Default::default()).push("https://choosealicense.com/licenses/".into());
website.configuration.proxies.get_or_insert(Default::default()).push("socks5://10.1.1.1:12345".into()); // Defaults to None - proxy list.
website.configuration.budget = Some(spider::hashbrown::HashMap::from([(spider::CaseInsensitiveString::new("*"), 300), (spider::CaseInsensitiveString::new("/licenses"), 10)])); // Defaults to None.
website.configuration.cron_str = "1/5 * * * * *".into(); // Defaults to empty string - Requires the `cron` feature flag
website.configuration.cron_type = spider::website::CronType::Crawl; // Defaults to CronType::Crawl - Requires the `cron` feature flag
website.configuration.limit = 300; // The limit of pages crawled. By default there is no limit.
website.configuration.cache = false; // HTTP caching. Requires the `cache` or `chrome` feature flag.

website.crawl().await;

The builder pattern is also available v1.33.0 and up:

let mut website = Website::new("https://choosealicense.com");

website
   .with_respect_robots_txt(true)
   .with_subdomains(true)
   .with_tld(false)
   .with_delay(0)
   .with_request_timeout(None)
   .with_http2_prior_knowledge(false)
   .with_user_agent(Some("myapp/version".into()))
   .with_budget(Some(spider::hashbrown::HashMap::from([("*", 300), ("/licenses", 10)])))
   .with_limit(300)
   .with_caching(false)
   .with_external_domains(Some(Vec::from(["https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/"].map( |d| d.to_string())).into_iter()))
   .with_headers(None)
   .with_blacklist_url(Some(Vec::from(["https://choosealicense.com/licenses/".into()])))
   .with_cron("1/5 * * * * *", Default::Default())
   .with_proxies(None);

Features

We have the following optional feature flags.

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["regex", "ua_generator"] }
  1. ua_generator: Enables auto generating a random real User-Agent.
  2. regex: Enables blacklisting paths with regx
  3. jemalloc: Enables the jemalloc memory backend.
  4. decentralized: Enables decentralized processing of IO, requires the spider_worker startup before crawls.
  5. sync: Subscribe to changes for Page data processing async. [Enabled by default]
  6. control: Enables the ability to pause, start, and shutdown crawls on demand.
  7. full_resources: Enables gathering all content that relates to the domain like CSS, JS, and etc.
  8. serde: Enables serde serialization support.
  9. socks: Enables socks5 proxy support.
  10. glob: Enables url glob support.
  11. fs: Enables storing resources to disk for parsing (may greatly increases performance at the cost of temp storage).
  12. sitemap: Include sitemap pages in results.
  13. time: Enables duration tracking per page.
  14. cache: Enables HTTP caching request to disk.
  15. cache_mem: Enables HTTP caching request to persist in memory.
  16. cache_chrome_hybrid: Enables hybrid chrome request caching between HTTP.
  17. cache_openai: Enables caching the OpenAI request. This can drastically save costs when developing AI workflows.
  18. chrome: Enables chrome headless rendering, use the env var CHROME_URL to connect remotely.
  19. chrome_store_page: Store the page object to perform other actions. The page may be closed.
  20. chrome_screenshot: Enables storing a screenshot of each page on crawl. Defaults the screenshots to the ./storage/ directory. Use the env variable SCREENSHOT_DIRECTORY to adjust the directory. To save the background set the env var SCREENSHOT_OMIT_BACKGROUND to false.
  21. chrome_headed: Enables chrome rendering headful rendering.
  22. chrome_headless_new: Use headless=new to launch the browser.
  23. chrome_cpu: Disable gpu usage for chrome browser.
  24. chrome_stealth: Enables stealth mode to make it harder to be detected as a bot.
  25. chrome_intercept: Allows intercepting network request to speed up processing.
  26. cookies: Enables cookies storing and setting to use for request.
  27. real_browser: Enables the ability to bypass protected pages.
  28. cron: Enables the ability to start cron jobs for the website.
  29. spoof: Spoof HTTP headers for the request.
  30. openai: Enables OpenAI to generate dynamic browser executable scripts. Make sure to use the env var OPENAI_API_KEY.
  31. smart: Enables smart mode. This runs request as HTTP until JavaScript rendering is needed. This avoids sending multiple network request by re-using the content.
  32. encoding: Enables handling the content with different encodings like Shift_JIS.
  33. headers: Enables the extraction of header information on each retrieved page. Adds a headers field to the page struct.
  34. decentralized_headers: Enables the extraction of suppressed header information of the decentralized processing of IO. This is needed if headers is set in both spider and spider_worker.

Decentralization

Move processing to a worker, drastically increases performance even if worker is on the same machine due to efficient runtime split IO work.

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["decentralized"] }
# install the worker
cargo install spider_worker
# start the worker [set the worker on another machine in prod]
RUST_LOG=info SPIDER_WORKER_PORT=3030 spider_worker
# start rust project as normal with SPIDER_WORKER env variable
SPIDER_WORKER=http://127.0.0.1:3030 cargo run --example example --features decentralized

The SPIDER_WORKER env variable takes a comma seperated list of urls to set the workers. If the scrape feature flag is enabled, use the SPIDER_WORKER_SCRAPER env variable to determine the scraper worker.

Handling headers with decentralisation

Without decentralisation the values of the headers for a page are unmodified. When working with decentralized workers, each worker stores the headers retrieved for the original request with prefixed element names ("zz-spider-r--").

Using the feature decentralized_headers provides some useful tools to clean and extract the original header entries under spider::features::decentralized_headers.

[WORKER_SUPPRESSED_HEADER_PREFIX]

Subscribe to changes

Use the subscribe method to get a broadcast channel.

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["sync"] }
extern crate spider;

use spider::website::Website;
use spider::tokio;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut website = Website::new("https://choosealicense.com");
    let mut rx2 = website.subscribe(16).unwrap();

    tokio::spawn(async move {
        while let Ok(res) = rx2.recv().await {
            println!("{:?}", res.get_url());
        }
    });

    website.crawl().await;
    website.unsubscribe();
}

Regex Blacklisting

Allow regex for blacklisting routes

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["regex"] }
extern crate spider;

use spider::website::Website;
use spider::tokio;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut website = Website::new("https://choosealicense.com");
    website.configuration.blacklist_url.push("/licenses/".into());
    website.crawl().await;

    for link in website.get_links() {
        println!("- {:?}", link.as_ref());
    }
}

Pause, Resume, and Shutdown

If you are performing large workloads you may need to control the crawler by enabling the control feature flag:

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["control"] }
extern crate spider;

use spider::tokio;
use spider::website::Website;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    use spider::utils::{pause, resume, shutdown};
    let url = "https://choosealicense.com/";
    let mut website: Website = Website::new(&url);

    tokio::spawn(async move {
        pause(url).await;
        sleep(tokio::time::Duration::from_millis(5000)).await;
        resume(url).await;
        // perform shutdown if crawl takes longer than 15s
        sleep(tokio::time::Duration::from_millis(15000)).await;
        // you could also abort the task to shutdown crawls if using website.crawl in another thread.
        shutdown(url).await;
    });

    website.crawl().await;
}

Scrape/Gather HTML

extern crate spider;

use spider::tokio;
use spider::website::Website;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    use std::io::{Write, stdout};

    let url = "https://choosealicense.com/";
    let mut website = Website::new(&url);

    website.scrape().await;

    let mut lock = stdout().lock();

    let separator = "-".repeat(url.len());

    for page in website.get_pages().unwrap().iter() {
        writeln!(
            lock,
            "{}\n{}\n\n{}\n\n{}",
            separator,
            page.get_url_final(),
            page.get_html(),
            separator
        )
            .unwrap();
    }
}

Cron Jobs

Use cron jobs to run crawls continuously at anytime.

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["sync", "cron"] }
extern crate spider;

use spider::website::{Website, run_cron};
use spider::tokio;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut website = Website::new("https://choosealicense.com");
    // set the cron to run or use the builder pattern `website.with_cron`.
    website.cron_str = "1/5 * * * * *".into();

    let mut rx2 = website.subscribe(16).unwrap();

    let join_handle = tokio::spawn(async move {
        while let Ok(res) = rx2.recv().await {
            println!("{:?}", res.get_url());
        }
    });

    // take ownership of the website. You can also use website.run_cron, except you need to perform abort manually on handles created.
    let mut runner = run_cron(website).await;

    println!("Starting the Runner for 10 seconds");
    tokio::time::sleep(tokio::time::Duration::from_secs(10)).await;
    let _ = tokio::join!(runner.stop(), join_handle);
}

Chrome

Connecting to Chrome can be done using the ENV variable CHROME_URL, if no connection is found a new browser is launched on the system. You do not need a chrome installation if you are connecting remotely. If you are not scraping content for downloading use the feature flag [chrome_intercept] to possibly speed up request using Network Interception.

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["chrome", "chrome_intercept"] }

You can use website.crawl_concurrent_raw to perform a crawl without chromium when needed. Use the feature flag chrome_headed to enable headful browser usage if needed to debug.

extern crate spider;

use spider::tokio;
use spider::website::Website;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut website: Website = Website::new("https://spider.cloud")
        .with_chrome_intercept(cfg!(feature = "chrome_intercept"), true)
        .build()
        .unwrap();

    website.crawl().await;

    println!("Links found {:?}", website.get_links().len());
}

Caching

Enabling HTTP cache can be done with the feature flag [cache] or [cache_mem].

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["cache"] }

You need to set website.cache to true to enable as well.

extern crate spider;

use spider::tokio;
use spider::website::Website;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut website: Website = Website::new("https://spider.cloud")
        .with_caching(true)
        .build()
        .unwrap();

    website.crawl().await;

    println!("Links found {:?}", website.get_links().len());
    /// next run to website.crawl().await; will be faster since content is stored on disk.
}

Smart Mode

Intelligently run crawls using HTTP and JavaScript Rendering when needed. The best of both worlds to maintain speed and extract every page. This requires a chrome connection or browser installed on the system.

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["smart"] }
extern crate spider;

use spider::website::Website;
use spider::tokio;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut website = Website::new("https://choosealicense.com");
    website.crawl_smart().await;

    for link in website.get_links() {
        println!("- {:?}", link.as_ref());
    }
}

OpenAI

Use OpenAI to generate dynamic scripts to drive the browser done with the feature flag [openai].

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8", features = ["openai"] }
extern crate spider;

use spider::{tokio, website::Website, configuration::GPTConfigs};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut website: Website = Website::new("https://google.com")
        .with_openai(Some(GPTConfigs::new("gpt-4-1106-preview", "Search for Movies", 256)))
        .with_limit(1)
        .build()
        .unwrap();

    website.crawl().await;
}

Depth

Set a depth limit to prevent forwarding.

[dependencies]
spider = { version = "1.97.8" }
extern crate spider;

use spider::{tokio, website::Website};

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut website = Website::new("https://choosealicense.com").with_depth(3).build().unwrap();
    website.crawl().await;

    for link in website.get_links() {
        println!("- {:?}", link.as_ref());
    }
}

Reusable Configuration

It is possible to re-use the same configuration for a crawl list.

extern crate spider;

use spider::configuration::Configuration;
use spider::{tokio, website::Website};
use std::io::Error;
use std::time::Instant;

const CAPACITY: usize = 5;
const CRAWL_LIST: [&str; CAPACITY] = [
    "https://spider.cloud",
    "https://choosealicense.com",
    "https://jeffmendez.com",
    "https://spider-rs.github.io/spider-nodejs/",
    "https://spider-rs.github.io/spider-py/",
];

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() -> Result<(), Error> {
    let config = Configuration::new()
        .with_user_agent(Some("SpiderBot"))
        .with_blacklist_url(Some(Vec::from(["https://spider.cloud/resume".into()])))
        .with_subdomains(false)
        .with_tld(false)
        .with_redirect_limit(3)
        .with_respect_robots_txt(true)
        .with_external_domains(Some(
            Vec::from(["http://loto.rsseau.fr/"].map(|d| d.to_string())).into_iter(),
        ))
        .build();

    let mut handles = Vec::with_capacity(CAPACITY);

    for website_url in CRAWL_LIST {
        match Website::new(website_url)
            .with_config(config.to_owned())
            .build()
        {
            Ok(mut website) => {
                let handle = tokio::spawn(async move {
                    println!("Starting Crawl - {:?}", website.get_url().inner());

                    let start = Instant::now();
                    website.crawl().await;
                    let duration = start.elapsed();

                    let links = website.get_links();

                    for link in links {
                        println!("- {:?}", link.as_ref());
                    }

                    println!(
                        "{:?} - Time elapsed in website.crawl() is: {:?} for total pages: {:?}",
                        website.get_url().inner(),
                        duration,
                        links.len()
                    );
                });

                handles.push(handle);
            }
            Err(e) => println!("{:?}", e)
        }
    }

    for handle in handles {
        let _ = handle.await;
    }

    Ok(())
}

Blocking

If you need a blocking sync implementation use a version prior to v1.12.0.

Commit count: 673

cargo fmt