created_at2024-06-05 14:34:57.949738
updated_at2024-06-07 13:59:19.765699
descriptionThe #[tag] attribute for convenient tagging/grouping of #[test] tests.
Daniel Müller (d-e-s-o)



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test-tag is a crate that that can be used for tagging tests. Users are then able to execute only tests matching certain tags.


Rust makes it very easy to define tests at all layers of the application/library. But not all tests are created equal and sometimes it is necessary to highlight certain properties and have the corresponding tests be treated differently.

A common example is testing with Miri: it can run certain tests, but the moment a test performs file IO or crosses FFI boundaries it becomes ineligible to be run under Miri. As such, just running cargo miri test on any non-trivial crate is unlikely to work, as at least some tests are likely to violate these constraints.

Workarounds include, for example, including miri in the test name and then filtering tests at the invocation level; say, cargo miri test -- _miri_. But that is not a particularly obvious convention and so it is entirely possible that a contributor accidentally renames a test rendering it no longer eligible to be run. It also quickly gets convoluted once more than one property is "special".

Please note that the usage of Miri is just an example (if the majority of tests is Miri-compatible you can use #[cfg_attr(miri, ignore)] as an opt-out alternative). However, tagging can be useful for other properties, such as certain tests requiring alleviated rights (need to be run with administrator privileges).


This crate provides the #[test_tag::tag(...)] attribute that introduces the means for first class tagging. For the Miri example:

use test_tag::tag;

fn test1() {}

One would then be able to run it via:

$ cargo miri test -- :miri:

Tests can also be excluded based on tags. Let's say some tests are taking a long time and you would not want to run them under Miri and natively. You can exclude all Miri tests easily via:

$ cargo test -- --skip :miri:

Multiple Tags

One can provide a list of tags, either in comma separated form or by providing the attribute multiple times:

use test_tag::tag;

#[tag(tag1, tag2)]
fn test1() {}

// The above is equivalent to:

fn test1() {}


Note, however, that limitations of Rust's test framework may mean that you may not be able to express arbitrary constraints on tags. For example, a standard unit test won't let you specify a conjunction of two tags:

$ cargo test -- :tag1: :tag2:

The above will be interpreted as "run all tests that have :tag1: or :tag2: (or both)".

Commit count: 16

cargo fmt