created_at2024-02-10 06:59:29.175564
updated_at2024-05-26 04:39:58.912577
descriptionTunnel interface to proxy
Birk Blechschmidt (blechschmidt)




A tunnel interface for HTTP and SOCKS proxies on Linux, Android, macOS, iOS and Windows.

Crates.io tun2proxy Documentation Download License

Additional information can be found in the wiki


  • HTTP proxy support (unauthenticated, basic and digest auth)
  • SOCKS4 and SOCKS5 support (unauthenticated, username/password auth)
  • SOCKS4a and SOCKS5h support (through the virtual DNS feature)
  • Minimal configuration setup for routing all traffic
  • IPv4 and IPv6 support
  • GFW evasion mechanism for certain use cases (see issue #35)
  • SOCKS5 UDP support
  • Native support for proxying DNS over TCP


Clone the repository and cd into the project folder. Then run the following:

cargo build --release

Building Framework for Apple Devices

To build an XCFramework for macOS and iOS, run the following:



Install from binary

Download the binary from releases and put it in your PATH.

Install from source

If you have rust toolchain installed, this should work:

cargo install tun2proxy

Note: In Windows, you need to copy wintun DLL to the same directory as the binary. It's %USERPROFILE%\.cargo\bin by default.


Automated Setup

Using --setup, you can have tun2proxy configure your system to automatically route all traffic through the specified proxy. This requires running the tool as root and will roughly perform the steps outlined in the section describing the manual setup, except that a bind mount is used to overlay the /etc/resolv.conf file.

You would then run the tool as follows:

sudo ./target/release/tun2proxy --setup --proxy "socks5://"

Apart from SOCKS5, SOCKS4 and HTTP are supported.

Note that if your proxy is a non-global IP address (e.g. because the proxy is provided by some tunneling tool running locally), you will additionally need to provide the public IP address of the server through which the traffic is actually tunneled. In such a case, the tool will tell you to specify the address through --bypass <IP/CIDR> if you wish to make use of the automated setup feature.

Manual Setup

A standard setup, which would route all traffic from your system through the tunnel interface, could look as follows:

# The proxy type can be either SOCKS4, SOCKS5 or HTTP.

# Create a tunnel interface named tun0 which you can bind to,
# so we don't need to run tun2proxy as root.
sudo ip tuntap add name tun0 mode tun
sudo ip link set tun0 up

# To prevent a routing loop, we add a route to the proxy server that behaves
# like the default route.
sudo ip route add "$BYPASS_IP" $(ip route | grep '^default' | cut -d ' ' -f 2-)

# Route all your traffic through tun0 without interfering with the default route.
sudo ip route add dev tun0
sudo ip route add dev tun0

# If you wish to also route IPv6 traffic through the proxy, these two commands will do.
sudo ip route add ::/1 dev tun0
sudo ip route add 8000::/1 dev tun0

# Make sure that DNS queries are routed through the tunnel.
sudo sh -c "echo nameserver > /etc/resolv.conf"

./target/release/tun2proxy --tun tun0 --proxy "$PROXY_TYPE://$PROXY_IP:$PROXY_PORT"

This tool implements a virtual DNS feature that is used by switch --dns virtual. When a DNS packet to port 53 is detected, an IP address from is chosen and mapped to the query name. Connections destined for an IP address from that range will supply the proxy with the mapped query name instead of the IP address. Since many proxies do not support UDP, this enables an out-of-the-box experience in most cases, without relying on third-party resolvers or applications. Depending on your use case, you may want to disable this feature using --dns direct. In that case, you might need an additional tool like dnsproxy that is configured to listen on a local UDP port and communicates with a third-party upstream DNS server via TCP.

When you terminate this program and want to eliminate the impact caused by the above several commands, you can execute the following command. The routes will be automatically deleted with the tunnel device.

sudo ip link del tun0


Tunnel interface to proxy.

Usage: tun2proxy [OPTIONS] --proxy <URL> [ADMIN_COMMAND]...

  [ADMIN_COMMAND]...  Specify a command to run with root-like capabilities in the new namespace when using `--unshare`.
                      This could be useful to start additional daemons, e.g. `openvpn` instance

  -p, --proxy <URL>            Proxy URL in the form proto://[username[:password]@]host:port, where proto is one of
                               socks4, socks5, http. For example: socks5://myname:password@
  -t, --tun <name>             Name of the tun interface, such as tun0, utun4, etc. If this option is not provided, the
                               OS will generate a random one
      --tun-fd <fd>            File descriptor of the tun interface
      --unshare                Create a tun interface in a newly created unprivileged namespace while maintaining proxy
                               connectivity via the global network namespace
  -6, --ipv6-enabled           IPv6 enabled
  -s, --setup                  Routing and system setup, which decides whether to setup the routing and system
                               configuration. This option is only available on Linux and requires root-like privileges.
                               See `capabilities(7)`
  -d, --dns <strategy>         DNS handling strategy [default: direct] [possible values: virtual, over-tcp, direct]
      --dns-addr <IP>          DNS resolver address [default:]
  -b, --bypass <IP/CIDR>       IPs used in routing setup which should bypass the tunnel, in the form of IP or IP/CIDR.
                               Multiple IPs can be specified, e.g. --bypass --bypass
      --tcp-timeout <seconds>  TCP timeout in seconds [default: 600]
      --udp-timeout <seconds>  UDP timeout in seconds [default: 10]
  -v, --verbosity <level>      Verbosity level [default: info] [possible values: off, error, warn, info, debug, trace]
  -h, --help                   Print help
  -V, --version                Print version

Currently, tun2proxy supports HTTP, SOCKS4/SOCKS4a and SOCKS5. A proxy is supplied to the --proxy argument in the URL format. For example, an HTTP proxy at with a username of john.doe and a password of secret is supplied as --proxy http://john.doe:secret@ This works analogously to curl's --proxy argument.

Docker Support

Tun2proxy can serve as a proxy for other Docker containers. To make use of that feature, first build the image:

docker build -t tun2proxy .

Next, start a container from the tun2proxy image:

docker run -d \
	-v /dev/net/tun:/dev/net/tun \
	--sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6=0 \
	--cap-add NET_ADMIN \
	--name tun2proxy \
	tun2proxy --proxy proto://[username[:password]@]host:port

You can then provide the running container's network to another worker container by sharing the network namespace (like kubernetes sidecar):

docker run -it \
	--network "container:tun2proxy" \

Configuration Tips


When DNS resolution is performed by a service on your machine or through a server in your local network, DNS resolution will not be performed through the tunnel interface, since the routes to localhost or your local network are more specific than and In this case, it may be advisable to update your /etc/resolv.conf file to use a nameserver address that is routed through the tunnel interface. When virtual DNS is working correctly, you will see log messages like DNS query: example.org for hostnames which your machine is connecting to after having resolved them through DNS.

Note that software like the NetworkManager may change the /etc/resolv.conf file automatically at any time, which will result in DNS leaks. A hacky solution to prevent this consists in making the file immutable as follows: sudo chattr +i "$(realpath /etc/resolv.conf)".


Some proxy servers might not support IPv6. When using virtual DNS, this is not a problem as DNS names are resolved by the proxy server. When DNS names are resolved to IPv6 addresses locally, this becomes a problem as the proxy will be asked to open connections to IPv6 destinations. In such a case, you can disable IPv6 on your machine. This can be done either through sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=1 and sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6=1 or through ip -6 route del default, which causes the libc resolver (and other software) to not issue DNS AAAA requests for IPv6 addresses.

Commit count: 379

cargo fmt