created_at2020-02-06 07:43:15.773816
updated_at2024-03-10 03:13:16.926231
descriptionarm decoders for the yaxpeax project
iximeow (iximeow)




crate documentation

yaxpeax-arm provides implementations of decoders for the armv7, v7/thumb, v7/thumb2, and aarch64/a64 instruction sets.

the entrypoint to begin decoding is either armv7::InstDecoder (ARMv7::Decoder::default()) or armv8::InstDecoder (ARMv8::Decoder::default()). default for both decoders is to decode in ARM mode. default will try to decode as permissively as possible, even attempting to produce some kind of instruction for UNPREDICTABLE patterns, where possible. for armv7 and below, default_thumb produces a similarly permissive set of rules, but for decoding thumb/thumb2 instructions.

ARMv7 and thumb mode instructions decode to the same structure: armv7::Instruction. this is not known to introduce ambiguities, and if you must discern thumb vs non-thumb origins, armv7::Instruction::thumb will reflect the decoder state when decoding the instruction of interest. additionally, armv7::Instruction::w reports if the instruction was a wide (32-bit) thum instruction.

for all ARMv7 instructions, armv7::Instruction::s() reports if the instruction will update status flags. if s is in error, that is a decoder bug, please report it.


  • #[no_std]
  • very fast
  • pretty small?


yaxpeax-arm supports use in no_std environments. to build yaxpeax-arm in no_std environments, add default-features = false to the crate's depdency line. this disables the std feature, and removes the little integration with std that yaxpeax-arm optionally provides.

very fast

yaxpeax-arm hasn't been exhaustively benchmarked, but loose tests suggest that it's at least as fast as other high-quality arm disassemblers, like capstone or bad64. more comprehensive benchmarks to come.

pretty small?

similarly to decode speed, the size of a compiled yaxpeax-arm hasn't been closely profiled, but at minimum it's 20% the size of yaxpeax-x86, with armv7 and armv8 code being entirely independent - using only one architecture should allow the other's code to be dead-code-eliminated. yaxpeax-arm compiles in release mode in only a few seconds.


0.1 and 1.0 versions are considered significant indicators of feature-completeness and stability. the specific guidelines by which yaxpeax-arm will be considered stable are listed below.

0.1 checklist

  • [/] support NEON (SIMD before SVE supported in ARMv8!)
  • adjust yaxpeax-arch so min_length can be contingent on the mode of InstDecoder
    • currently min_length is always 4, which is incorrect for Thumb modes. conversely, selecting "2" would be flagrantly wrong for ARM modes.
  • address all in-tree TODO

1.0 checklist

  • support SVE and SVE2
  • support per-version decode flags, so decoding an armv4, armv5, or armv7 instruction
  • fully support should_is_must to control how pedantic decoding should be
  • fully support reporting unpredictable encodings as DecodeError::Unpredictable if required
  • exhaustively test armv7 and armv8 instructions against other decoders
    • existing thumb test suite is derived from enumerating thumb instructions, but is missing some

! user beware !

  • armv7 NEON support is still nonexistent

arch notes:

Register Names

Reproduced from infocenter.arm.com:

Name Maps To Meaning
r0-r15 r0-r15 These are the the registers!
a1-a4 r0-r3 Argument, result, or scratch registers
v1-v8 r4-r11 Variable registers
sb r9 Static base register
fp r11 Frame pointer*
ip r12 Intra-procedure call register
sp r13 Stack pointer
lr r14 link register
pc r15 program counter

* fp does not appear to be explicitly referenced in ARM documentation, and mapping to r11 looks to be OS (Windows/Linux?) convention.

Commit count: 0

cargo fmt